A Covenant Outline of the 1689 Confession (by Pastor Gary Carter)

The following is from my pastor, Gary Carter, of Free Grace Church (Lutz, FL).  You can view a PDF version HERE.

Introduction: God’s covenant is the personal pledge (or promise) of the Triune God to give Himself to us as our Father, Savior, and Sanctifier.  (God’s covenant ways with His people are described in many Scripture texts: 2 Cor. 6:16, 18; Rev. 21:3; Isa. 42:6; Heb. 13:20-21; Ps. 111:5).  Since Scriptural salvation is given in a covenant form, we may summarize this exposition of Bible doctrine (the 1689 Confession) under covenant headings.


  1. Of the Holy Scriptures: The document of the covenant of grace.
  2. Of God and the Holy Trinity: The divine and glorious author of the covenant.
  3. Of God’s decree: The certainty and determination of the covenant.
  4. Of Creation: The context of the covenant and the outworking of covenant decree.
  5. Of Divine Providence: The oversight and governing of the covenant.
  6. Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment Thereof: The necessity of the covenant of grace.
  7. Of God’s covenant: The summary of the covenant—God’s pledge of Himself.
  8. Of Christ the Mediator: The mediator of the covenant.
  9. Of Free Will: The original, the fallen, and the redeemed nature of the covenant recipients.
  10. Of Effectual Calling: The application of the covenant.
  11. Of Justification: The righteousness of the covenant applied to sinners.
  12. Of Adoption. The pinnacle of the covenant in adopted union with God’s Son.
  13. Of Sanctification: The life of the covenant in holiness.
  14. Of Saving Faith: The chief and “closing” grace of the covenant.
  15. Of Repentance unto Life and Salvation: The inseparable grace of the covenant (faith never separated from repentance).
  16. Of Good Works: The fruit of the covenant of grace.
  17. Of the Perseverance of the Saints: The continuance of the recipients in the covenant life of holiness.
  18. Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation: A chief strength and comfort of the covenant.
  19. Of the Law of God: The rule of covenant duty.
  20. Of the Gospel, and of the Extent of Grace thereof: The sovereign covenant dispensing of the gospel.
  21. Of Christian Liberty and Liberty of Conscience: The true liberty of the covenant defined.
  22. Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day: The appointed worship and delight of the covenant.
  23. Of Lawful Oaths and Vows: Solemn resolves in covenant life.
  24. Of the Civil Magistrate: The civil context of the covenant.
  25. Of Marriage: The domestic context of the covenant.
  26. Of the Church: The chief agency of the covenant—its nature, membership, authority, officers, discipline, and ordinances.
  27. Of the Communion of Saints: Covenant communion with Christ and His people.
  28. Of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper: The signs and seals of the covenant of grace.
  29. Of Baptism: The appointed public profession of the covenant of grace.
  30. Of the Lord’s Supper: The refreshment, renewal, and nourishing of the covenant.
  31. Of the State of Man after Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead: The consummation of the covenant.
  32. Of the Last Judgment: The great assize [judicial assembly/inquiry] of the covenant.

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