Great Commission Layout

Matthew 28:17-20. Worship of Christ | Authority of Christ (Heaven + Earth) | Going | Disciple Making (All Nations) | Baptizing (F, S, HS) | Teaching (Jesus’ Commands) | Abiding Presence (End of Age)

Mark 16:15-16. Going | Gospel Preaching (Every Creature) | Believes + Baptized (Saved) | No Belief (Condemned)

Luke 24:46-49. Crucifixion/Resurrection | Repentance/Forgiveness (Preached; In Christ’s Name) | All Nations (Jerusalem First) | Witness | Promised Holy Spirit (Power)

John 20:21. Peace (Comforting) | Christ Was Sent (by Father) | Disciples Sent (by Christ)

Acts 1:8. Power of the Spirit | Witness (Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, Ends of Earth)

Great Commission (Comprehensive Layout Based On Above Passages):

  1. Missions exists because Christ is worthy to be worshipped and Christ is not worshipped all over the world
  2. Missions is grounded in Christ’s universal authority, and Christ’s universal authority is grounded in His crucifixion and exaltation (resurrection/ascension)
  3. The success of missions is assured by the continual presence of Christ
  4. Christ’s continual presence is not physical, but spiritual, by means of the Holy Spirit (and His heavenly reign)
  5. Missions is performed in the power of the Holy Spirit, for boldness and success
  6. Christ’s apostles were formally commissioned as Christ was commissioned, and the apostles’ commission extends to the Church at large
  7. Christ’s apostles were eye-witnesses; the rest of the Church is a witness in that we have received the testimony of the apostles and possess the word of God and have experienced the grace of God in salvation
  8. Missions begins at home and extends to the far reaches of the earth (Jerusalem…ends of earth)
  9. Missions is about making disciples of all nations (lit. people groups) through the proclamation of the gospel
  10. The proclamation of the gospel entails the preaching of repentance and forgiveness of sins in Christ’s name (i.e. His person and work)
  11. Those who believe become disciples and are then to receive baptism, having the promise of eternal life
  12. Those who don’t believe are condemned, for they have rejected the only way of salvation
  13. Baptism assumes the planting of churches, for baptism is the means by which one enters into the visible church
  14. Missions involves teaching new believers in biblical truth, that they may be grounded in sound doctrine for holy living
  15. Both church planting and teaching entails setting up leaders (elders) in the churches
  16. The fact of Christ’s abiding presence “to the end of the age” means that missions will not be over until Christ returns

Acts 11:19-30 is perhaps the best example of the process within missions.

Related Key Scriptures: Christ’s authority and kingdom (Dan. 7:13-14; Acts 2:30-36; 1 Cor. 15:20-28; Phil. 2:6-11); the preaching of the gospel of the kingdom (Acts 8:12; 17:31; 20:24-25; 28:23,30-31); sovereignty of God in missions (Acts 4:23-31; 16:6-10); baptism and its relation to salvation and the community of believers (Acts 2:38-42; 10:42-48; Heb. 10:19-25); the Holy Spirit and boldness in witness (Acts 2; 4:29-31); teaching and setting up elders (2 Tim. 2:2; Tit. 1:5-9)


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